The Samara region
The land of the Samara region from time immemorial became crossing of the routes connecting the Europe with Asia and China, and the north of Russia with the south.
As early as second half of 19 century the Samara province harvested more wheat, than anywhere else in Russia. Through the Samara grain commodity exchange Russian bread had an outlet to the European markets. Samara of those years was called “Russian Chicago” because, as in Chicago, here was a center of commerce in grain, beef, wool, horses, livestock, leather, cattle, and even camel cloth. By the end of 19 century there were 46 plants and factories in Samara – and by 1917 there were 90.
This legacy and the Second World War in many respects have defined the status of Samara as an alternate capital of the country. And today the region confirms fidelity to tradition, being the aerospace center of the country, steadily holding positions among leaders of the Russian economy. The Samara region is one of the most urbanized regions of Russia in which lives 2.2% of the country’s population and creating 2.3% of the gross domestic product.
Here manned spacecrafts, booster rockets, and unique aviation engines are created. Samara’s cars, planes, aluminum, bearings, machine tools, cables, and fertilizers are well known. Recognition of the Samara brands engenders confidence of business partners and attracts investors. The evidence of this is the long-term presence in the Samara region of worldwide known companies like Alcoa, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, and Nestle. Concern for creating a healthy business-climate is one of priorities of the Government of the Samara region.
Our priceless wealth is our nature. Vast expanses of riverine lands bring the feel of might, with the full-flowing Volga River and plentiful mysteries of Zhigulevskiye mountains attracting thousands of tourists.
Samara in the world
The Samara region is located in the southeastern part of the European territory of Russia at the mid-stream of the Volga, the largest river in the Europe. Steppe landscapes in the south are replaced to the north with a territory of forest-steppe and mixed woods.
The large industrial centers adjoin to the primeval open space of the Volga steppes and a unique network of protected natural territories. The bases of this protected area are the I. I. Sprygin Zhigulevskiy National natural reserve, National Park “Samarskaya Luka” and the “Buzulukskiy pine forest” national park. In 2006 the “Samarskaya Luka” (Samara river bend) National park and a number of adjacent territories were declared as the Middle Volga complex biospheric reserve of UNESCO.
The total area of woodlands of the region amounts to 760.1 thousand hectares. Largest of 226 rivers in the region is beautiful Volga River.
The geological map of the land reflects a rich mineral fossils source, in which the hydrocarbon, mineral-constructing, mining and mining-chemical raw materials are the foundations. Extraction of sand, clay and building stone completely fills the demands of the building complex of the region and neighboring areas.
The primary mineral wealth of region is its oil. More than 380 oil fields are explored in the region territory. For 2001-2010 the average annual regional volume of oil extraction has made about 12.0 million tons. In undistributed fund of the Samara region depths there are 70 oil fields with the general reserve of 18 million tons.
The fertile soils, although, requiring much laborious work because of a lack of moisture, have nevertheless helped Samara to win the fame of the Volga area's grain capital of previous times.
On lands of Samara – which are mainly the black soils – farmers grow crops of sunflower, potato, and vegetables. In agricultural productions and personal farms, meat and milk are produced. Modern systems of agriculture, hand in hand with irrigation, allow us to achieve high harvests.
The Samara region is one of the most significant of the Russian transportation system hubs. We have the largest transportation system in the Privolzhskiy Federal District (PFD). The region is situated on intersection of the international transport corridors “North–south” and “West–east” and provides transport communications of federal and regional value in all directions.
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT CORRIDORS
In many respects it has given rise to the emergence of a special economic zone in the region, which contains (after Moscow and St.-Petersburg) the third in Russia a double-nucleus urbanized area of Samara and Togliatti – the effective combining of these two cities into a major agglomeration. Its uniqueness consists of the fact that this highly urbanized territory is surrounded with a semicircle a unique natural complex of global value – Samarskaya Luka, as here the bend of Volga-river is named.
Date modified: 06 October 2014